Saturday, 31 January 2015

Ask Bharath #4

1. In the last season in West Indies, the Chanderpauls played in a FC match together. Has any other father-son combo played in International cricket in the same match? In FC, does the record limit to dad-son or any other generation/ relation is involved, in a single match?Asked by Soumyadut Nag, India

The Chanderpauls - Shivnarine (father) and Tagenarine (son) - have appeared in a three first-class matches together for Guyana. There have been no international match that had a father-son pair playing together. However there are about 18 more occasions of a father-son pair appearing in the same first-class match. The last was Denis (father) and Heath Streak (son) in 1996. In 1851 to 1853, William Lillywhite played alongside his two sons - John Lillywhite and James Lillywhite in two matches. That is the only occasion of a father and two sons appearing in the same match.

Shivnarine (father) and Tagenarine (son) - The Chanderpauls

There have been one ODI in which the father was umpiring and son played the match. It was Subhash Modi (father) the umpire and Hitesh Modi (son) the player for Kenya against Bangladesh in 2006. Subhash Modi declared his son Hitesh Out Leg before in the match!

There are no occasions of grandfather-grandson appearing in a match together.

Read more about this in Arunabha Sengupta's article

2. West Indies scored 86 runs in their powerplay against South Africa in the T20 International match at Johannesburg while chasing target of 232. Is this the highest powerplay score in T20Is? What is the highest in T20 cricket? - Asked by Amit Kumar, Uttar Pradesh, India

West Indies scored 86 runs for the loss of one wicket in their first six overs against South Africa at Johannesburg on January 11, 2015. West Indies successfully chased down the target of 232 set by South Africa. This is not the highest score in first six overs (powerplays) in T20Is. It is less than what Netherlands got against Ireland in World T20 2014 at Sylhet Stadium. The Dutch scored 91 runs for one wicket in the powerplays in order to chase target of 190 runs within 14.3 overs to get into the main round of the tournament.

The highest powerplay score in T20s is more than 100 runs. Faisalabad Wolves against Multan Tigers at Karachi on February 25, 2006 scored 24 runs off first over, 34 off the second and 24 off the third. They scored 82 runs for no loss in their first three overs! The over by over details are clearly not available online but it can be projected to about 110-115 runs as the first wicket fell in the fifth over on the score of 105 and they went on to score 123 for two wickets in 7.3 overs.

In the last IPL edition, Chennai Super Kings smashed exactly 100 runs in first six overs against Kings XI Punjab in the second qualifier at Bangalore while chasing 227 runs to go enter the finals.

3. Ricky Ponting has the next best set of 52 test matches after Bradman (covered in Ask Bharath #2). Who has the next highest aggregate in career's first 52 tests behind Bradman's 6996 runs and 29 100s? - Asked by Soumyadut Nag, India

Don Bradman scored 6996 runs at average of 99.94 in his career of 52 tests and 80 innings. He scored 13 half-centuries and 29 100s in those number of matches. The next highest aggregate by any player in his career's first 52 tests is 5007 by Sunil Gavaskar including 20 centuries. Gavaskar is the only other batsman after Bradman to accumulate more than 5000 runs in first 52 tests of career. Anyways, Bradman played 80 innings in his 52 matches whereas Gavaskar played 95 innings. At 80 innings, Gavaskar had only 3951 runs with 16 centuries. For 80 innings, the highest aggregate after Bradman is 4384 by Jack Hobbs in 48 tests with 13 centuries.

4. How many times has all players (including wicketkeeper) have bowled in an inning in ODIs and Tests? - Anonymous

It has happened four times in Test matches that all the eleven players bowled atleast a ball in a test inning. The instances are: England against Australia at The Oval in 1884, Australia against Pakistan at Faisalabad in 1979/80, India against West Indies at St John's in 2002 and South Africa against West Indies at St John's in 2005. There are 14 more occasions of 10 players bowling in a test inning.

In ODIs, the maximum number of players from a team has bowled is nine. It has happened 13 times in the past and the last was Zimbabwe against South Africa at Benoni in 2010/11.

In T20Is, the maximum is eight players which has also happened 13 times and the last was Netherlands against Ireland at Sylhet in 2013/14 (in the match which Netherlands chased 190 runs in 13.5 overs).

5. Virat Kohli missed scoring twin centuries in the same test series twice. How many batsmen have done that in the past? - Asked by Zac Braun

Virat Kohli scored 115 & 141 runs in the first test of the Border-Gavaskar Trophy at Adelaide and then had two more chances to score twin centuries in a test match. He scored 169 at Melbourne and then followed up with 54 runs in the second inning. In the next test, the final test, at Sydney he scored 147 runs in the first inning and scored 46 in the second innings.

Only once in the history of Test cricket a batsman scored centuries in each innings of a test twice in the same series. It was Clyde Walcott for West Indies against Australia in 1955. He scored 126 & 110 at Port of Spain (second test) and 155 & 110 at Kingston (fifth test).


Saturday, 24 January 2015

Ask Bharath #3

1. Murali Vijay and Lokesh Rahul opened for India in the fourth Test at Sydney. How many times the Indian team had South Indian openers?Asked by Ajai Banerjee, Jaipur, India

Murali Vijay, born in Tamil Nadu, and Lokesh Rahul, born in Karnataka, opened for India in the fourth Test match against Australia at Sydney. They became the seventh pair (both born in South Indian states) to open for Indian in Tests. There has not been any South Indian opening pair staying a long time. The maximum was Jaisaimha-Kunderan and Jaisimha-Sardesai pair, both opened in 11 innings each.

Lokesh Rahul and Murali Vijay - The South Indian opening pair for India


Partner 1
Partner 2
Inns
ML Jaisimha (Andhra Pradesh)
Budhi Kunderan (Karnataka)
11
ML Jaisimha (Andhra Pradesh)
Dilip Sardesai (Goa)
11
VVS Laxman (Andhra Pradesh)
Sadagoppan Ramesh (Tamil Nadu)
10
Abhinav Mukund (Tamil Nadu)
Murali Vijay (Tamil Nadu)
6
Lokesh Rahul (Karnataka)
Murali Vijay (Tamil Nadu)
2
VVS Laxman (Andhra Pradesh)
MSK Prasad (Andhra Pradesh)
2
Abid Ali (Andhra Pradesh)
Kenia Jayantilal (Andhra Pradesh)
1

As Goa players play for South Zone in Indian Domestic Cricket, Dilip Sardesai who was born in Goa is included in the list.

Rahul Dravid opened with South Indian openers - VVS Laxman, Woorkeri Raman and Abhinav Mukund but he was born in Madhya Pradesh. Hence he doesn't appear in the list above.


2. How many players got Man of the Series award after their team was whitewashed in a Test series of 3 or more matches? Sachin Tendulkar got one in Australia in 1999/00 though Indian lost the three-test series by 3-0.Asked by Praveen Kumar, Kundapura, India

This has happened only two times – Sachin Tendulkar in the Border Gavaskar Trophy 1999/00 in Australia where he scored 278 runs at 46.33 though the highest run getter was Ricky Ponting with 375 runs at 125.00 and Brian Lara in the three-match series in Sri Lanka in 2001/02 where he scored 688 runs at 114.66 and the next highest run getter was Hashan Tillakaratne with 403 runs at 403.00. Both these players got the award after their team was whitewashed in the three-match series.

There are few more occasions when a player whose team was whitewashed in the series got Man of the Series award. But those were in the series where one or more players from both the sides were announced Man of the Series. The occasions are: Geoff Lawson (Aus) along with Abdul Qadir in Pakistan in 1982/83, Martin Crowe (NZ) along with Shoaib Mohammad and Waqar Younis in Pakistan in 1990/91, Courtney Walsh (WI) along with Aamer Sohail in Pakistan in 1997/98, Mark Richardson (NZ) along with Steve Harmison in England in 2004, Shivnarine Chanderpaul (WI) along with Andrew Flintoff in England in 2004 and Rahul Dravid (Ind) along with Stuart Broad in England in 2011. Chanderpaul’s and Dravid’s were whitewashes in four-match series while the rest were in three-match series whitewashes.

3. Despite Kumar Sangakkara’s 203 Sri Lanka were all out for 356 against New Zealand at Wellington in third match of the series. Is this the lowest all out total in Tests to include a double century from a non-opener? – Asked by Aaquib Ansari, Bhiwandi, India

Kumar Sangakkara batting at No.3 scored 203, his 11th double century in Tests, to take a lead of 135 runs in reply to New Zealand’s first inning total of 221. Sri Lanka were all out for 356. It is the second lowest all out total in Tests that included a double century from non-opener. The lowest is just three runs less –South Africa were all out for 353 after their No.4 batsman Graeme Pollock scored 209 against Australia at Cape Town in 1966/67. Overall, the lowest all out including a double century from a batsman at any position is 329 by India against Sri Lanka at Galle in 2008 where Virender Sehwag, the opener, carried the bat throughout the inning scoring 201.

4. The Indian team that took field in the Sydney Test against Australia had an average experience of 15.63 test matches (including the Sydney test in their career). Is this the least experienced Indian team in the last 50 years? – Asked by Vivekananda Joshi, Almora, India

It is not the least experienced Indian playing XI in the last 50 years, but it is the least experienced in the last 40 years. Till the third test MS Dhoni who played 90 tests was part of the team and for a long time the Sachin-Dravid-Laxman trio played together. Hence, the experience was higher all the times. Aggregate of 172 tests and average of 15.63 matches per player is the lowest for an Indian test team since the Auckland test of 1976 in New Zealand in which the aggregate number of matches was 154 and average of 14 matches per player (including that test). Erapalli Prasanna was the most experienced with 36 matches, six players had experience of less than 10 matches in which three were debutants (Surinder Amarnath, Syed Kirmani and Dilip Vengsarkar).

5. Who bowled maximum number of deliveries before taking their first test wicket? – Asked by Aryamaan Prajapati, Calcutta, India

This dubious distinction is with AG Kripal Singh from India. He took his first test wicket in his 652nd ball in his 10th inning he bowled in. He took 10 wickets in almost as many deliveries in next four innings. The record of conceding most number of runs before first wicket is by Roger Wijesuriya who conceded 285 runs before taking his first test wicket.

Ball by ball details is not available to public for earlier matches. Thanks to Charles Davis’ researches on this. 

Check out the previous 'Ask Bharath' - #1 and #2
To send your queries - Click Here 

Sunday, 11 January 2015

Ask Bharath #2

1. Who has the next best set of 52 test matches as a batsman after Don Bradman and 27 matches as a bowler after Sydney Barnes?  - Asked by Manish Achuth, Bangalore, India by Email

Don Bradman scored 6996 runs at an average of 99.94 in 80 innings of 52 test matches he played. No batsman has aggregated that much in career’s any consecutive 52 tests. The next best is 5813 runs by Ricky Ponting from March 8, 2002 to November 23, 2006 at an average of 74.52 (Test no. 55 to 106). He played 92 innings in that period which included 23 centuries and 20 half-centuries. Next to Ponting comes Brian Lara with 5576 runs between April 6, 2001 and November 23, 2006 at 61.27 with 19 100s and 17 50s (Test no. 79 to 130).

Next best aggregate after Bradman, in 52 tests


Sydney Barnes accumulated 189 wickets in his test career of 27 matches. But Barnes’ tally is not the highest in a career’s any consecutive 27 tests. Muttiah Muralitharan got more than Barnes. Muralitharan took 205 wickets in 27 tests (Test no. 83 to 109) between December 2, 2003 and December 7, 2006 at an average of 18.15 and strike rate of 43.10 with 10 wickets in a match seven times and 5 wickets in an inning 18 times. Muralitharan had another sequence of 205 wickets (Test no. 85 to 111). Among pace bowlers, it is Waqar Younis with the next best aggregate wickets in 27 consecutive tests. He took 177 wickets between October 10, 1990 and September 28, 1994 (Test no. 6 to 32).

2. Who has the highest batting average in Sheffield Shield in Australia and County Championship in England? Asked by Rahul Dharangaonkar, Bangalore, India on Twitter

In Sheffield Sheild in Australia, the leader is the Donald Bradman for players with a minimum of 5000 runs in the tournament. Bradman scored 8926 runs in Sheffield Shield in 62 matches and 96 innings at an average of 110.29 that included 36 100s and 20 50s. The next best is his Bill Ponsford with an average of 83.27 in 43 matches and 70 innings that yielded him 5413 runs with 21 100s and 14 50s. The highest among batsmen with 9000+ runs in the tournament (Bradman tops till that cutoff) is 60.69 by Michael Bevan.

In County Championship in England, the highest average among batsmen with minimum of 15000 runs in the tournament is by Kumar Ranjitsinhji. He averaged 62.04 in 187 matches and 297 innings scoring 16194 runs with 50 100s and 68 50s. Among batsmen with a minimum of 25000 runs, the best average is 58.18 by Mark Rampraskash. Ramprakash played 353 matches, 585 innings and scored 29731 runs with help of 103 100s and 119 50s.

3. Karn Sharma in his debut test went for 24 runs in an over. Is it the highest in an over for a debutant? Asked by Soumyadut Nag, India by Email

It is indeed the highest number of runs conceded in an over by a bowler in his debut test. Karn Sharma conceded 24 runs to Mitchell Marsh (6, 4, 0, 6, 2, 6) in the 64th over of Australia’s second inning at Adelaide on December 12, 2014. The previous dubious record was 21 runs by three bowlers – by Lance Klusener (SA) vs India at Kolkata in November 1996, by Colin Stuart (WI) vs Australia at Melbourne in December 2000 and by Pankaj Singh (Ind) vs England at Southampton in July 2014.Mohammad Azharuddin hit five consecutive fours in an over to Lance Klusener on his debut (21 runs).

4. What is the maximum number of runs off a single (legal) delivery in Tests and FC? Brathwaite got 7 (including an overthrown boundary) off Philander at Cape Town in the 3rd test of the series. Asked by Ajai Banerjee, Jaipur, India on Facebook.

Kraigg Brathwaite got off to the mark with seven runs in the 2nd innings of the test match at Centurion on January 4, 2015. That is the highest number of runs to get off the mark in Test cricket. But, it is not the highest number of runs in a single legal delivery. The most runs off a single delivery is 8 runs, not the extras. It has happened five times in the history of test cricket.

Batsman
Bowler
Runs
Venue
Year
Patsy Hendren (Eng)
Percy Hornibrook (Aus)
4 all-run + 4 overthrows
Melbourne
1928/29
Vijay Hazare (Ind)*
-
-
Mumbai (BS)
1951/52
John Wright (NZ)
Lenny Pascoe (Aus)
4 all-run + 4 overthrows
Melbourne
1980/81
Brian Lara (WI)
Nicky Boze (SA)
3 all-run + 5 penalties
Port of Spain
2004/05
Andrew Symonds (Aus)
Iain O'Brien (NZ)
4 all-run + 4 overthrows
Brisbane
2008/09
*Details missing for Hazare’s instance.

In first class cricket, the most runs off a single delivery recorded is ten runs – AN Hornby for Lancashire vs Surrey, Oval, 1873 and SH Hill-Wood for Derbyshire vs MCC, Lord’s, 1900. In 1842, FCB Ponsonby ran nine runs for MCC vs Cambridge University.

5. How many runs had Sachin scored as the same number of Odis and Tests as Virat Kohli? Asked by Ram Narayanan, Chennai, India on Facebook

In Tests, Virat Kohli has scored 2547 runs in 33 matches and 59 innings at 46.30 with 10 100s and 10 50s. In 33 tests, Sachin Tendulkar had 2412 runs in 42 innings at 51.00 with 7 100s and 10 50s. In 59 innings, Sachin Tendulkar had 2837 runs at 54.55 with 10 100s and 13 50s.

In Odis, Virat Kohli has scored 6208 runs in 146 matches and 138 innings at 52.61 with 21 100s and 33 50s. In 146 ODIs, Sachin Tendulkar had 5197 runs in 143 innings at 40.28 with 11 100s and 32 50s.

Saturday, 3 January 2015

Ask Bharath #1

1. In Ranji Trophy which bowler has bowled the maximum number of maiden overs in an inning without conceding any run in that inning? - Asked by Dilip Singh, India on Twitter
It is Manish Majithia who bowled 20 overs, all maidens, in the 4th inning for Madhya Pradesh against Railways at Maharani Usharaje Trust Cricket Ground in Indore in 1999/00. His figures were 20-20-0-1. Not only in Ranji Trophy, but it is the record in the whole first class cricket history. Railways scored 86 for five in 109 overs in the fourth inning for a draw. Out of 86, they scored 83 runs from 104 overs on the last day which is a first class cricket record for the fewest number of runs in a full day’s play.

Manish Majithia
© Saeed Khan


2. Mohammad Yousuf of Pakistan scored over 600 in two consecutive Test series he played (Against England and against WI, 2006), was this feat of his unique? How many times it has happened? Anyone who had 3 or more such consecutive series? - Asked by Muhammad Khalid, Karachi, Pakistan on Facebook

Mohammad Yousuf scored 631 runs in 4 matches at an average of 90.14 against England in England and 665 runs in 3 matches at 133.00 against West Indies in Pakistan in two consecutive test series in the year 2006 in which he aggregated a record 1788 runs as the highest number of runs in a calendar year in Tests. His tally of 600+ runs in two consecutive test series is the joint best. Others to have done this are Don Bradman (twice) and Clyde Walcott. The details are provided below.

Don Bradman (Australia) 
vs England in England, 1934 - 758 runs in 5 matches & 8 innings at 94.75
vs England in Australia, 1936/37 - 810 runs in 5 matches & 9 innings at 90.00

Don Bradman (Australia)
vs England in Australia, 1946/47 - 680 runs in 5 matches & 8 innings at 97.14 
vs India in Australia, 1947/48 - 715 runs in 5 matches & 6 innings at 178.75

Clyde Walcott (West Indies)
vs England in West Indies, 1953/54 - 698 runs in 5 matches & 10 innings at 87.25
vs Australia in West Indies, 1955 - 827 runs in 5 matches & 10 innings at 82.70

Mohammad Yousuf (Pakistan)
vs England in England, 2006 - 631 runs in 4 matches & 7 innings at 90.14
vs West Indies in Pakistan, 2006/07 - 665 runs in 3 matches & 5 innings at 133.00

3. Last year Broad took Hat trick and England lost that Test vs SL. How many times it happened in Tests and when? – Asked by Amit Kumar, Uttar Pradesh, India on Twitter

Stuart Broad’s hat-trick was the 41st hat-trick overall in Test cricket. His team lost the test to Sri Lanka at Headingley, Leeds by 100 runs. It was the 11th occasion of a bowler taking the hat-trick but ending up on the losing side. The table below has the details of all.

Test Hat-Tricks in losing cause
Bowler
For
Against
Venue
Year
Johnny Briggs
England
Australia
Sydney
1891/92
Geoff Griffin
South Africa
England
Lord's
1960
Peter Petherick
New Zealand
Pakistan
Lahore
1976/77
Merv Hughes
Australia
West Indies
Perth
1988/89
Darren Gough
England
Australia
Sydney
1998/99
Mohammad Sami
Pakistan
Sri Lanka
Lahore
2001/02
Jermaine Lawson
West Indies
Australia
Bridgetown
2003
Alok Kapali
Bangladesh
Pakistan
Peshawar
2003
Irfan Pathan
India
Pakistan
Karachi
2005/06
Ryan Sidebottom
England
New Zealand
Hamilton
2007/08
Stuart Broad
England
Sri Lanka
Leeds
2014


4. Most test runs by an Indian on the first day of test vs SA, Aus, Pak, SL, WI, NZ, Eng, Ban – Asked by Akhil VM, Palakkad, India on Facebook

It shouldn't be surprising that Virender Sehwag tops against four of them. It should be surprising that Rahul Dravid tops against two of them. The table below has the details.

Most runs on the first day of a test match by an Indian against various opponent teams
Opponent
Runs
Batsman
Venue
Year
Australia
195
Virender Sehwag (195)
Melbourne
2003/04
Bangladesh
145*
Rahul Dravid (160)
Chittagong
2004/05
England
170*
Budhi Kunderan (192)
Madras
1963/64
New Zealand
173
Virender Sehwag (173)
Ahmedabad
2010/11
Pakistan
228*
Virender Sehwag (309)
Multan
2003/04
South Africa
155
Sachin Tendulkar (155)
Bloemfontein
2001/02
Sri Lanka
177*
Rahul Dravid (177)
Ahmedabad
2009/10
West Indies
180
Virender Sehwag (180)
Gros Islet
2006
Zimbabwe
176*
Vinod Kambli (227)
Delhi
1992/93


5. How many Test caps has Delhi produced? And who all are above it with how many? – Asked by Siddharth Khandelwal, Nagpur, India on Facebook

Delhi has produced 16 test caps (based on players born in Delhi) so far out of 284 caps.  It is seventh in the list of Indian states with most test caps. It is well known that Maharashtra has produced the most test caps – 78. The table below has the list for all states and the other countries.

Number of test caps from each state in India (based on birth location)

State (or Country)
Caps
Maharashtra
78
Punjab
31
Gujarat
30
Tamil Nadu
25
Karnataka
22
Uttar Pradesh
22
Delhi
16
Andhra Pradesh
15
Bengal
11
Bihar
6
Sind
5
Kerala
4
Madhya Pradesh
4
Orissa
3
Rajasthan
3
Haryana
2
Afghanistan
1
Brazil
1
Daman
1
Goa
1
Jharkhand
1
Malaysia
1
Trinidad
1
Total
284
+ - Countries.

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